Contested landscapes Suzanne M. Langridge

ISBN: 9780549660675

Published:

NOOKstudy eTextbook

127 pages


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Contested landscapes  by  Suzanne M. Langridge

Contested landscapes by Suzanne M. Langridge
| NOOKstudy eTextbook | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, talking book, mp3, RTF | 127 pages | ISBN: 9780549660675 | 3.60 Mb

Two approaches to environmental governance that have been promoted more recently are collaborative processes and incentive-based conservation. However, there are many local and regional factors, including politics, economics, geography, values andMoreTwo approaches to environmental governance that have been promoted more recently are collaborative processes and incentive-based conservation.

However, there are many local and regional factors, including politics, economics, geography, values and scientific information that can affect the success and longevity of the community and market approaches. In particular, local communities might oppose collaborative processes due to negative perceptions of the effects of conservation, and conservation communities might promote incentive-based approaches without understanding the negative effects of habitat conservation on the local community. I used a case study of a large-scale restoration project in Sacramento River that uses collaborative planning to investigate these opposing views.

In the Sacramento River, the majority of the local community had negative perceptions of the effects of restoration and as a result, voiced opposition to the restoration project. In the restoration community, there was a perception that restoration could have positive effects on nearby farms. I therefore focused my research on the ecological effects of restoration and riparian habitat on nearby farms in terms of ecosystem services and disservices- and in particular on agricultural pests and pest-control.

To do this I looked at weed and bird pest distribution on walnut farms in relation to the distance to and area of riparian habitat along 160 km of the River. I found that weed abundance was higher on the edge of restored riparian habitat, but not in the interior of the farm or adjacent to remnant riparian habitat. I also found that agricultural pest birds were either unaffected by riparian habitat, or had lower densities with a greater proportion of riparian habitat around the farm.

I then investigated the distribution and foraging behavior of riparian insectivorous birds in relation to the proportional area of riparian habitat around the farm. I found that bird density, species richness, and foraging increased with greater area of riparian habitat. I also investigated the differences in support and opposition to restoration within agricultural stakeholder groups, in order to understand why scientific approaches were not always successful in facilitating support for restoration. I found, using interviews, document review, and datasets, that geography, negative authority, and leadership led to the differences in support and opposition to restoration within the agricultural community.



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